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Flashback calendar

Discovery of the most distant supermassive black hole

In 2017, astronomers published that they had found the quasar using data from the WISE combined with ground-based surveys from one of the Magellan Telescopes at Las Campanas Observatory in Chile, as well as the Large Binocular Telescope in Arizona. The related black hole of the quasar existed when the universe was about 690 million years old

Starbucks opens its largest cafe in the world

Starbucks Corporation is an American coffee company and coffeehouse chain. Starbucks was founded in Seattle, Washington in 1971. As of 2018, the company operates 28,218 locations worldwide. At the end of 2017, the world biggest Starbucks store opened in Shanghai, China.

Dead Rising 4 is released

Dead Rising 4 is an action-adventure video game developed by Capcom Vancouver and published by Microsoft for Xbox One. It is the fourth installment in the Dead Rising series. It was announced at Microsoft's E3 2016 press conference. It features the return of Frank West and is set in a Christmas-themed Willamette, Colorado.

"School of Rock" opens at the Winter Garden Theatre

School of Rock is a rock musical with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber, lyrics by Glenn Slater and a book by Julian Fellowes. Based on the 2003 film of the same name, written by Mike White, the musical follows Dewey Finn, an out-of-work rock singer and guitarist who pretends to be a substitute teacher at a prestigious prep school.

Greece accepts unpopular austerity budget

Amid violence on the streets and a three-day general strike that had brought much of the country to a halt, the embattled government pushed the legislation through parliament with the backing of its 153 MPS. Addressing the 300-seat House, prime minister Alexis Tsipras said: “We are determined to make Greece stand on its two feet at any cost.”

Final Broadway performance of "A Steady Rain"

The play takes places in Chicago. Main characters are two policemen who unintentionally return a Vietnamese boy to a cannibalistic serial killer. The play was officially opened in 2009. It was an instant success and broke the record for the highest weekly gross of a non-musical production on Broadway.

"Race" opens on Broadway at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre

Race is a play by David Mamet that premiered on Broadway in 2009. Mamet has stated that the intended "theme is race and the lies we tell each other on the subject." Directed by Mamet, the cast included James Spader, David Alan Grier, Kerry Washington, and Richard Thomas.

The presence of liquid water on Mars

A geological mystery commenced in 2006 when observations from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter revealed gully deposits that were not there ten years prior, possibly caused by flowing liquid brine during the warmest months on Mars.

Ludacris and Shawnna are at #1 on the US singles chart

"Stand Up" is a song by Ludacris, released as the second official single in 2003, and taken from his fourth album, Chicken-n-Beer. It was his first number-one single, with production by Kanye West and co-production by Ludacris himself.

Hugo Chávez is elected President of Venezuela

Hugo Chávez led the MBR-200 in an unsuccessful coup d'état against the Democratic Action government of President Carlos Andrés Pérez in 1992, for which he was imprisoned. Released from prison after two years, he founded a political party known as the Fifth Republic Movement and was elected President of Venezuela in 1998.

1996

NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle dies of brain cancer

Alvin Ray "Pete" Rozelle was an American businessman and executive. Rozelle served as the commissioner of NFL for nearly thirty years, from 1960 until his retirement in 1989. Seven years after his retirement, Rozelle died of brain cancer at the age of 70 at Rancho Santa Fe, California, and was interred at El Camino Memorial Park in San Diego.

Michael Jackson collapses

Michael Jackson: One Night Only was supposed to be an intimate concert event staged at the historic Beacon Theatre in NYC. However, it was ultimately canceled just a few days before the broadcasting itself, with Jackson having been rushed to the hospital after his collapse during rehearsals.

1992

Jerry Rice breaks the record for most career touchdowns

Jerry Rice of the San Francisco 49ers caught his 101st career touchdown reception, breaking the record for most career touchdowns previously held by Steve Largent. Rice became a star wide receiver for the 49ers, a team that would dominate professional football throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s.

"Star Trek VI-Undiscovered Country" premieres

Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country was released by Paramount Pictures in 1991. It is the last film featuring the entire cast of the original series. After the premiere in North America, it garnered positive review. It posted the largest opening weekend gross of the series, before earning over 96 million worldwide.

The Montreal massacre

The École Polytechnique massacre, also known as the Montreal massacre, was a mass shooting at the École Polytechnique in Montreal, Quebec, Canada that occurred in 1989. Twenty-five-year-old Marc Lépine, armed with a rifle and a hunting knife, shot 28 people, killing 14 women, before committing suicide.

"The Final Countdown" is #1 on the UK singles

Originally made just to be a concert opener, The Final Countdown reached number three in the UK, eventually spending two weeks at the top of the UK Single Chart. It was also the only single from the album that charted in the UK top 10. Besides that, it reached number one in 24 other countries.

The man who studied loneliness dies

American psychologist Harry Harlow is best known for his unethical experiments with rhesus macaques. He separated new-born monkeys from their mothers and gave them substitute made from mesh or cloth providing warmth and food. When the monkeys grew up, they exhibited strange behavior. Some of them injured their young or even killed them.

1976

Kitty O'Neil sets a record for land speed by a female driver

In 1976 in southeastern Oregon's Alvord Desert, O'Neil set the land-speed record for female drivers. She piloted a hydrogen peroxide powered three-wheeled rocket car built by Bill Fredrick called the “SMI Motivator”. It reached an average speed of 512.710 mph, with a peak speed of 621 miles per hour.

Steam are at #1 on the US singles chart

"Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye" is a song written and recorded by Paul Leka, Gary DeCarlo, and Dale Frashuer, attributed to a then-fictitious band they named "Steam". It was released under the Mercury subsidiary label Fontana and became a number one pop single on the Billboard Hot 100 in late 1969, and remained on the charts in early 1970.

R.E.M. co-founder and lead guitarist Peter Buck is born

American musician and songwriter, Peter Lawrence Buck, best known as a co-founder and lead guitarist of the band R.E.M., was born in Berkeley, California US. During his career, he has also been an official member of numerous side project groups, each of which has released at least one full-length album.

1955

Baseball Hall of Famer Honus Wagner dies

Johannes Peter Wagner was a German-American baseball shortstop who played 21 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1897 to 1917, almost entirely for the Pittsburgh Pirates. He died at the age of 81, and he is buried at Jefferson Memorial Cemetery in the South Hills area of Pittsburgh.

Ban on James Joyce's "Ulysses" in the US is lifted

Joyce's novel Ulysses was banned in the US due passages of the book dealing with characters masturbating and obscenity. Throughout the 1920s, the United States Post Office Department burned copies of the novel. The decision of lifting the ban came in 1933 under the rule of US federal judge John M. Woolsey.

1921

NFL Quarterback Otto Graham is born

Otto Everett Graham Jr. was an American football quarterback who played for the Cleveland Browns in the AAFC and NFL. Graham is regarded by critics as one of the most dominant players of his era, having taken the Browns to league championship games every year between 1946 and 1955, winning seven of them.

Father of the trolleybus dies

German electrical engineer and inventor Werner von Siemens improved the telegraph, invented trolleybus or electrically-charged sea mine. He claimed invention of the dynamo although others invented it earlier. SI unit of electrical conductance is named after him. Werner von Siemens also founded the Siemens AG company.

Venus Atmosphere

During the transit of Venus, astronomers saw its gas envelope for the first time. It started many years of speculation that life could exist on Venus. Venus was considered a twin of the Earth. Dense clouds provided room for the imagination of scientists and writers. Unfortunately, modern research proved that Venus is almost certainly inhabitable.

The first human voice recording

American inventor Thomas Edison demonstrated his first audio recorder, the phonograph, at his laboratory in Menlo Park. He recited a nursery rhyme called Mary had a Little Lamb. It was the first recording of a human voice or first preserved. Edison recorded the word “Hello” in July 1876. But this recording did not survive.

Slavery is abolished in the USA

The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for a crime. In Congress, it was passed by the Senate in 1864, and by the House in 1865. The amendment was then ratified by the required number of states and Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed its adoption.

Anniversaries of famous