Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

WTO agrees free trade with IT products

The participants of the Information Technology Agreement are committed to completely eliminating tariffs on IT products covered by the Agreement. At the Nairobi Ministerial Conference, over 50 members agreed to the expansion of the Agreement, which included additional 201 products valued at over $1.3 trillion per year.

"The Revenant" premieres at the TCL Chinese Theatre

The Revenant is a 2015 American semi-biographical epic western film directed by Alejandro G. Iñárritu. The screenplay by Mark L. Smith and Iñárritu is based in part on Michael Punke's 2002 novel of the same name, describing frontiersman Hugh Glass's experiences in 1823. That novel is in turn based on the 1915 poem The Song of Hugh Glass.

Putin's Russia goes through its worst economic turbulence

The Central Bank of Russia increased its key interest rate from 10.5% to 17% as it tried to slow or stop the decline of the ruble. But even after this intervention, the ruble declined further. At one point, it took 79 rubles to purchase one U.S. dollar, while in January it took only 33.

"Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows" premieres

Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows is a 2011 period action mystery film directed by Guy Ritchie and produced by Joel Silver, Lionel Wigram, Susan Downey, and Dan Lin. It is the sequel to the 2009 film Sherlock Holmes, and features Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson characters created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

Larry King concludes his CNN talk show after 25 years

Larry King Live is an American talk show that was hosted by Larry King on CNN from 1985 to 2010. It was CNN's most watched and longest-running program, with over one million viewers nightly. The "final edition" of the program aired on December 16, but a new episode on the war against cancer aired two days later.

CityCenter Las Vegas is opened

CityCenter is a 16,797,000-square-foot mixed-use, urban complex on 76 acres located on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. The project was started by MGM Resorts International; Dubai World became a joint partner during the project's construction phase. It is the largest privately funded construction project in the history of the United States.

Beyoncé is at #1 on the US singles chart with "Irreplaceable"

"Irreplaceable" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé for her second studio album, B'Day. The single became Beyoncé's fourth number-one in the U.S., was B'Day's most successful release and remained at the top of the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart for ten consecutive weeks.

Bombing of Iraq by the United States begins

The bombing of Iraq was a major four-day bombing campaign on Iraqi targets by the United States and the United Kingdom. The operation was a major flare-up in the Iraq disarmament crisis. The stated goal of the cruise missile and bombing attacks was to strike military and security targets in Iraq.

Swedish singer Zara Larsson is born

Zara Maria Larsson is a Swedish singer and songwriter. She first gained national fame for winning the 2008 season of the talent show Talang, the Swedish version of Got Talent, at the age of 10. Larsson signed with the record label TEN Music Group in 2012 and released her debut EP album, Introducing, in January 2013.

Shannen Doherty is fired from Beverly Hills 90210

She garnered worldwide attention and fame for her breakout role as Brenda Walsh in the Aaron Spelling-produced TV series Beverly Hills, 90210 in 1990. Doherty left the show after the fourth season in 1994. Her character was written off the show as moving to London to attend school at the Royal Academy for Dramatic Arts.

MTV airs Nirvana’s Unplugged session for the first time

Nirvana recorded a performance for the television program MTV Unplugged. Augmented by Smear and cellist Lori Goldston, the band sought to veer from the typical approach to the show, opting to stay away from playing its most recognizable songs. Instead, Nirvana performed several covers.


Ice hockey team Ottawa Senators is founded

The Ottawa Senators are a professional ice hockey team based in Ottawa, Ontario. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the NHL. The Senators play their home games at the 17,373-seat Canadian Tire Centre, which opened in 1996 as the Palladium.

Kazakhstan independence

In an attempt to keep unity within the USSR, the country held a referendum and Kazakhstan voted 95% in favor of a New Union Treaty. Following the aborted coup d'état, the Supreme Soviet passed the Constitutional Independence Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Despite the swift collapse of the USSR, Kazakhstan was the last to declare independence.

English actor Theo James is born

Theo James is a British actor, known for portraying the role of Tobias "Four" Eaton in the film adaptations of The Divergent Series based on the novels. He was born in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom. Theo attended Aylesbury Grammar School and went on to earn his undergraduate degree in philosophy from the University of Nottingham.

The Queen opens tube link to Heathrow

The station opened as Heathrow Central as the final phase of the Piccadilly line's extension from Hounslow West to the airport. The preceding station, Hatton Cross, had opened as the interim terminus in 1975. At its opening, the station served as the terminus of what became known as the Heathrow branch of the line.


The first player in NFL history rushes for 250 yards in one game

O. J. Simpson became the first NFL player to rush for more than 2,000 yards in a season. He holds the record for the single-season yards-per-game average, which stands at 143.1. He is the only player to ever rush for over 2,000 yards in the 14-game regular season NFL format.

German DJ and producer Paul van Dyk is born

Matthias Paul is a German Grammy Award-winning DJ, record producer and musician. One of the first true superstar DJs, van Dyk was the first artist to receive a Grammy Award nomination in the newly added category of Best Dance/Electronic album for his 2003 release Reflections.

Pakistani Instrument of Surrender is created

The Pakistani Instrument of Surrender was a written agreement that enabled the surrender of the Pakistan Armed Forces at the Ramna Race Course garden in Dhaka, thereby ending the Bangladesh Liberation War. The day is commemorated as Victory Day, a national holiday in Bangladesh; and as Vijay Diwas on the Indian military calendar.

"Hello Dolly!" is released

Hello, Dolly! is a 1969 American romantic comedy musical film based on the Broadway production of the same name. Directed by Gene Kelly and adapted and produced by Ernest Lehman, the cast includes Barbra Streisand, Walter Matthau, Michael Crawford, Danny Lockin, Tommy Tune, Fritz Feld, Marianne McAndrew, E. J. Peaker and Louis Armstrong.

The Jimi Hendrix Experience release their first single

"Hey Joe" is an American popular song from the 1960s that has become a rock standard and has been performed in many musical styles by hundreds of different artists. It tells the story of a man who is on the run and planning to head to Mexico after shooting his unfaithful wife. The best-known version is the Jimi Hendrix Experience's 1966 recording.

Two airplanes collide near NYC killing 134

United Airlines Douglas DC-8, bound for LaGuardia Airport in New York City, collided with a TWA Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation descending into the city's Idlewild Airport. One plane crashed on Staten Island, the other into Park Slope, Brooklyn, killing all 128 people on both aircraft and six people on the ground.

Synthetic diamond

American chemist Tracy Hall produced synthetic diamonds in General Electric Research Laboratories. He was not the first to claim it. But he was the first who did it in a reproducible, verifiable, and witnessed way. He used a press, which was capable of producing pressures above 10 GPa and temperatures over above 2 000 °C.

Billy Gibbons, member of ZZ Top, is born

William Frederick Gibbons is an American musician, singer, songwriter, producer, and actor, best known as the guitarist and lead vocalist of the American rock band ZZ Top. Gibbons was born to Frederick Royal and Lorraine Gibbons in the Tanglewood neighborhood of Houston, Texas.

Shirley Temple announces her retirement from films aged 22

Shirley Temple Black was an American actress, singer, dancer, businesswoman, and diplomat who was Hollywood's number one box-office draw as a child actress from 1935 to 1938. As an adult, she was named United States ambassador to Ghana and to Czechoslovakia, and also served as Chief of Protocol of the United States.

Benny Andersson, member of ABBA, is born

Göran Bror Benny Andersson is a Swedish musician, composer, member of the Swedish music group ABBA, and co-composer of the musicals Chess, Kristina från Duvemåla, and Mamma Mia!. He was born in Vällingby to 34-year-old civil engineer Gösta Andersson and his 26-year-old wife Laila.

Fashion house Christian Dior is founded

Marcel Boussac originally invited Christian Dior to design for Philippe et Gaston, however, Dior refused and founded his own fashion house with Boussac's backing. Today, the company designs and retails ready-to-wear fashion while also maintaining its tradition as a creator of recognized haute-couture.

Tony Hicks from The Hollies is born

Tony Hicks is a guitarist and singer who has been a member of the British pop group The Hollies since 1963, and as such was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010. Hicks first had a taste of fame at age 12 as a member of Les Skifflettes when they were featured on the Carroll Levis talent show in 1957.

The Germans launch a final offensive in the west

The Battle of the Bulge was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II. It was launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in eastern Belgium, northeast France, and Luxembourg, towards the end of World War II. The surprise attack caught the Allied forces completely off guard.


Joe Louis wins boxing title in Boston

Al McCoy, putative New England heavyweight champion, whose fight against Louis is probably best known for being the first heavyweight title bout held in Boston, Massachusetts. The popular local challenger dodged his way around Louis before being unable to respond to the sixth-round bell.

Haiyuan earthquake in China kills over 270,000 people

The earthquake hit at 20:05:53 Beijing time, reportedly 7.8 on the Richter magnitude scale, followed by a series of aftershocks for three years. Over 73,000 people were killed in Haiyuan County. A landslide buried the village of Sujiahe in Xiji County. More than 30,000 people were killed in Guyuan County.

Sir Arthur C. Clarke is born

Sir Arthur Charles Clarke was a British science fiction writer, science writer and futurist, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host. He is famous for being co-writer of the screenplay for the 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey, widely considered to be one of the most influential films of all time.


Italian football club A.C. Milan is founded

Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to as A.C. Milan or simply Milan, is a professional football club in Milan, Italy, founded in 1899. The club has spent its entire history, with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons, in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A since 1929–30.

Antonín Dvořák's "Z nového světa" premieres

The Symphony No. 9 is Antonín Dvořák's most popular symphony. He composed it, while he was the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America from 1892 to 1895. The symphony premiered at Carnegie Hall and was conducted by Anton Seidl.

Superconducting scientist dies

German physicist Walther Meissner discovered the Meissner effect, together with Robert Ochsenfeld, hence also called Meissner–Ochsenfeld effect. It is a very strange phenomenon related to superconductivity: an expulsion of a magnetic field from a superconductor during its transition to the superconducting state.

Author Wilhelm Grimm dies

Wilhelm Grimm was a German author and anthropologist, and the younger brother of Jakob Grimm. The Brothers Grimm published a collection of fairy tales known as Grimms' Fairy Tales. Wilhelm Grimm died of an infection in Berlin.

Ultraviolet light discoverer is born

German physicist and chemist Johann Wilhelm Ritter read about William Herschel’s discovery of “heat rays (infrared radiation)” and wanted to find the opposite – some kind of cooling rays. He found something else, which he called the “chemical rays.” It was the ultraviolet light. Ritter also discovered electrochemical cell and electroplating.

Novelist Jane Austen is born

Jane Austen was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favorable social standing and economic security.

The Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts. The demonstrators destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. They boarded the ships and threw the chests of tea into Boston Harbor. The British government responded harshly and the episode escalated into the American Revolution.

Composer Ludwig van Beethoven is born

Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. He remains one of the most recognized and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, a mass, the Missa Solemnis, and an opera, Fidelio.

Africa's East Coast

Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama passed the mouth of the Great Fish River, where his predecessor, Bartolomeu Dias, turned back. He entered waters never entered by Europeans and became the first to sail along Africa's East Coast. He decided to call it “Natal,” which meant “the birth of Christ” in Portuguese.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1961

Bill Hicks

born 1775

Jane Austen

born 1969

Simon Grayson