Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


The first female pitcher dies

Mamie Johnson died in a Washington, D.C. hospital of cardiac-related causes. She was survived by her 2nd husband, Emanuel Livingston; 5 stepdaughters; a stepson; her uncle, Leo "Bones" Belton; several siblings; two grandsons; and many step-grandchildren.

Katy Perry is at #1 on the US singles chart with "Firework"

"Firework" is a song by American singer Katy Perry from her third studio album, Teenage Dream. The song was commercially successful, reaching number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and the top 5 on 20 charts around the world. It has sold over 10 million copies in the US, and over 1 million in the UK.

Dissidia Final Fantasy is released

Dissidia Final Fantasy is a fighting game with action RPG elements developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable as part of the campaign for the Final Fantasy series' 20th anniversary. It was then re-released as an international version in Japan, based on the North American port, as Dissidia Final Fantasy: Universal Tuning.

"The Hours" premieres in the US

The Hours is a British-U.S. drama film directed by Stephen Daldry, and starring Meryl Streep, Julianne Moore, and Nicole Kidman. The film was released in Los Angeles and New York City on Christmas Day and was given a limited release in the United States and Canada two days later.

"Scream" is first released

Scream is an American slasher movie directed by Wes Craven and written by Kevin Williamson. The film stars David Arquette, Neve Campbell, Courteney Cox, Matthew Lillard, Rose McGowan, Skeet Ulrich, and Drew Barrymore. Scream follows the character of Sidney Prescott, a high school student in the fictional town of Woodsboro, California, who becomes the target of a mysterious killer known as Ghostface.

Final Fantasy is released

Final Fantasy is a fantasy role-playing video game developed and published by Square. Originally released for the NES, Final Fantasy was remade for several video game consoles and is frequently packaged with Final Fantasy II in video game collections. The story follows four youths called the Light Warriors, who each carry one of their world's four elemental orbs which have been darkened by the four Elemental Fiends.

Hall & Oates are at #1 on the US singles chart with "Maneater"

"Maneater" is a song by the American duo Hall & Oates, featured on their 11th studio album H2O. It reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. It remained in the top spot for 4 weeks, more than any of the duo's five other number-one hits, including "Kiss on My List", which remained in the top spot for three weeks.

American singer-songwriter Christina Aguilera is born

Christina María Aguilera is an American singer, songwriter, actress and television personality. She rose to prominence with her 1999 self-titled debut album that spawned the Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles. The following year, Aguilera released two studio albums.

American actress Katie Holmes is born

Kate Noelle Holmes is an American actress. She first achieved fame for her role as Joey Potter on The WB television teen drama Dawson's Creek from 1998 to 2003. Holmes was born in Toledo, Ohio. She is the youngest of five children born to Kathleen, a homemaker and philanthropist, and Martin Joseph Holmes, Sr., an attorney.

Swedish DJ and producer Axwell is born

Axel Christofer Hedfors, better known by his stage name Axwell, is a Swedish DJ, record producer, remixer, and owner of Axtone Records. He was a member of Swedish House Mafia along with Sebastian Ingrosso and Steve Angello. He is a two time DJ Awards winner and in 2013 he was placed 19th on the DJ Magazine Top 100 DJ Poll.

Bob Dylan starts shooting Pat Garrett And Billy The Kid

Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid is an American western drama film directed by Sam Peckinpah, written by Rudy Wurlitzer, and stars James Coburn, Kris Kristofferson, Richard Jaeckel, Katy Jurado, Chill Wills, Barry Sullivan, Jason Robards and Bob Dylan.

Operation Linebacker II begins

Operation Linebacker II was a US Seventh Air Force and US Navy Task Force 77 aerial bombing campaign, conducted against targets in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam during the final period of US involvement in the Vietnam War. The operation was also known under names such as "The December Raids" and "The Christmas Bombings".

"How the Grinch Stole Christmas" airs on CBS

Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! is a Christmas animated television special directed and co-produced by Chuck Jones. Originally telecast in the United States on CBS, it went on to become a perennial holiday special. The special also features the voice of Boris Karloff as the Grinch and the narrator.

"The Pink Panther" premieres in Italy

The Pink Panther is an American comedy movie directed by Blake Edwards and co-written by Edwards and Maurice Richlin. The movie introduced the cartoon character of the same name, in an opening credits sequence animated by DePatie-Freleng Enterprises.

American actor Brad Pitt is born

William Bradley Pitt is an American actor and producer. He has received multiple awards and nominations including an Academy Award as a producer under his own company Plan B Entertainment. Pitt first gained recognition as a cowboy hitchhiker in the road movie Thelma & Louise.

The Tokens start a three-week run at #1 on the US singles chart

The Lion Sleeps Tonight" is a song written and recorded originally by Solomon Linda with the Evening Birds for the South African Gallo Record Company. It became a number one hit in the United States as adapted in English with the best-known version by the doo-wop group the Tokens.

Communications satellite

The United States launched the first communication satellite in history. It was called SCORE. Its main mission was to test a communications relay system in space. It also broadcasted Christmas message from US president Dwight D. Eisenhower. The launch vehicle was the Atlas rocket, later used for delivering first American astronauts to orbit.

American director Steven Spielberg is born

Steven Allan Spielberg is an American director, producer, and screenwriter. Spielberg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, to an Orthodox Jewish family. He is considered one of the founding pioneers of the New Hollywood era, as well as being viewed as one of the most popular directors and producers in film history.

Keith Richards, member of the Rolling Stones, is born

Keith Richards is an English musician, multi-instrumentalist, singer-songwriter and author, best known as a guitarist and founder member of the rock band the Rolling Stones. Richards was born at Livingston Hospital, in Dartford, Kent, England. He is the only child of Doris M. L. and Herbert W. Richards.

Leoš Janáček's opera "Věc Makropulos" premieres in Brno

Věc Makropulos is a Czech opera in 3 acts, with music and libretto by Leoš Janáček. The opera is based on the play by Karel Čapek. It was Janáček's penultimate opera and, like much of his later work was inspired by his infatuation with Kamila Stösslová, a married woman much younger than himself.

Piltdown Man

The Piltdown Man was a paleoanthropological hoax in which bone fragments were presented as the fossilized remains of a previously unknown early human. Results of an extensive scientific review established that amateur archaeologist Charles Dawson had very likely perpetrated the hoax.

Tchaikovsky's ballet "The Nutcracker" premieres

The Nutcracker is a 2 act ballet, originally choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov with a score by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. The libretto is adapted from E. T. A. Hoffmann's story "The Nutcracker and the Mouse King", by way of Alexandre Dumas' adapted story "The Story of a Nutcracker". It was given its premiere at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg in a double bill with Tchaikovsky's opera Iolanta.


Baseball player Ty Cobb is born

Tyrus Cobb was an American Major League Baseball outfielder. He spent 22 seasons with the Detroit Tigers, the last 6 as the team's player-manager, and finished his career with the Philadelphia Athletics. In 1936 Cobb received the most votes of any player on the inaugural Baseball Hall of Fame ballot, receiving 222 out of a possible 226 votes - 98.2%.

Father of industrial design is born

American architect Walter Dorwin Teague is often referred to as the father of industrial design. He helped to establish it as a profession. Teague’s most famous design is the Kodak's Bantam Special, often considered to be the prettiest camera of all times. It was influenced by Art Deco style.

Soviet revolutionary and political leader Joseph Stalin is born

Joseph Stalin was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian ethnicity. He ruled the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953. Ideologically committed to the Leninist interpretation of Marxism, Stalin helped to formalize these ideas as Marxism–Leninism, while his own policies became known as Stalinism.

Electron discoverer is born

English physicist Joseph John Thomson is best known for his discovery and identification of the electron. It was the first subatomic particle known to humanity. Thompson also researched the composition of cosmic rays. He was the first person who performed what is now called the mass spectrometry.

Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 1 premieres in Vienna

Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 1 in C major, Op. 15, was written in 1795. The 1st performance took place in Vienna with Beethoven himself as soloist. It was first published in Vienna with a dedication to his pupil Princess Anna Louise Barbara Odescalchi, known to her friends as "Babette".

Anniversaries of the (in)famous