Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Runaways" returns for a 2nd season

Marvel's Runaways, or simply Runaways, is an American web television series created for Hulu by Josh Schwartz and Stephanie Savage, based on the Marvel Comics superhero team of the same name. The series was renewed for a second season.

Hyundai fires its US boss

Hyundai fired U.S. CEO Dave Zuchowski for failing to meet internal sales targets. The news was reported by Automotive News. Dave Zuchowski joined Hyundai in 2007 as U.S. sales boss and became U.S. CEO in 2014.

Eminem and Rihanna are at #1 on the US singles chart

Upon release, the song was met with positive reviews from music critics, who compared the song to Love the Way You Lie. The Monster has successfully charted worldwide, topping the charts in 12 countries including Australia, Canada, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States' Billboard Hot 100.

The first YouTube video to reach one billion views

"Gangnam Style" is the 18th K-pop single by the South Korean musician Psy. "Gangnam Style" became the first YouTube video to reach one billion and two billion views. The song's music video has been viewed over 3 billion times on YouTube.

Capital Gate is opened

Capital Gate, also known as the Leaning Tower of Abu Dhabi, is a skyscraper in Abu Dhabi that is over 160 meters tall, 35 stories high, with over 16,000 square meters of usable office space. Capital Gate is one of the tallest buildings in the city and was designed to incline 18° west. The building is owned and was developed by the Abu Dhabi National Exhibitions Company.

Ireland injects €5.5bn into its three main banks

The Irish government decided to inject its 3 banks, namely the Anglo Irish Bank, Bank of Ireland and Allied Irish Banks. In return, the banks agreed to provide more help to small business and individuals and to give mortgage-holders more time in case they fall behind their payments.

Elton John and David Furnish become the first gay celebrities

John and Furnish were amongst the first couples in the UK to form a civil partnership, which was held at the Windsor Guildhall. After gay marriage became legal in England in March 2014, John and Furnish married in Windsor, Berkshire, on the ninth anniversary of their civil partnership.

Michael Andrews and Gary Jules are at #1 on the UK singles chart

Mad World is a song by the British band Tears for Fears. Written by Roland Orzabal and sung by bassist Curt Smith, it was the band's 3rd single release and 1st chart hit. The song's cover by Andrews and Jules reached #1 spot on the UK chart where it remained for 3 consecutive weeks.

Ace of Base release "The Sign" in the US

"The Sign" is a song by the Swedish band Ace of Base. It was an international hit, reaching number 2 in the UK and spending 6 non-consecutive weeks at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the US. More prominently, it became the top song on Billboard's 1994 Year End Chart. It appeared on the band's album Happy Nation.

Queen start a 5-week run at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Bohemian Rhapsody" became a commercial success, selling more than a million copies. The single reached number one again for 5 weeks when the same version was re-released, as double A-side single with "These Are the Days of Our Lives", following Mercury's death. It eventually became the UK's third-best-selling single of all time.

Commonwealth of Independent States

Commonwealth of Independent States was established after a dissolution of the Soviet Union, which was among other things caused by the decentralization reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev. Since then, the former Soviet republics have been governed independently with some adopting liberal policies and some keeping its relationship with Russia.

First Skunk Works chief dies

American aeronautical engineer Kelly Johnson was the first leader of the famous Advanced Development Projects department in Lockheed, usually called just Skunk Works. He contributed in many designs. Most famous of them are the P-38 lighting, F-104 Starfighter, F-117 Nighthawk, C-130 Hercules, U-2, or SR-71 Blackbird.

Super Mario World is released

Super Mario World was released in Japan. It was one of two launch games for the SNES in Japan, along with F-Zero. Nintendo later issued a version of Super Mario World for arcade cabinets. The game was re-released in a special version of Super Mario All-Stars, Super Mario All-Stars + Super Mario World, as a pack-in game for the SNES in 1994.

F-Zero is released

F-Zero is a futuristic racing video game developed by Nintendo EAD and published by Nintendo for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. The game was released in Japan. F-Zero is the first game of the F-Zero series, and was one of the two launch titles for the SNES in Japan, but was accompanied by additional initial titles in North America and Europe.

Lockerbie bombing

Pan Am Flight 103 was a regularly scheduled Pan Am transatlantic flight from Frankfurt to Detroit via London and New York. The aircraft operating the transatlantic leg of the route was destroyed by a bomb, killing all 243 passengers and 16 crew – a disaster known as the Lockerbie bombing. Large sections of the aircraft crashed onto residential areas of Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 11 people on the ground.

Ethology co-founder dies

Dutch biologist Nikolaas 'Niko' Tinbergen is together with Konrad Lorentz and Karl von Frisch considered the founder of ethology. He is most famous for his well-known concept of four questions for an explanation of behavior. Tinbergen was also interested in the problem of autism.

Lionel Richie is at #1 on the US singles

Say You, Say Me is a song written and recorded by Lionel Richie for the film White Nights, starring Mikhail Baryshnikov and Gregory Hines. The single hit number 1 in the US and on the R&B singles chart. It became Richie's ninth number one on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart.

Elvis Presley meets US President Richard Nixon in the White House

Presley engineered a meeting with President Richard Nixon at the White House, where he expressed his patriotism and explained how he believed he could reach out to the hippies to help combat the drug culture he and the president abhorred. He asked Nixon for a Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs badge, to add to similar items he had begun collecting and to signify official sanction of his patriotic efforts.

The Supremes make their last TV appearance with Diana Ross

"Someday We'll Be Together" is a song written by Johnny Bristol, Jackey Beavers, and Harvey Fuqua. It was the last of 12 American number-one pop singles for Diana Ross & the Supremes on the Motown label. The girl group made their final of several performances singing this song with Diana Ross singing lead on the finale of The Ed Sullivan Show that aired live Sunday on CBS.

British-Canadian actor Kiefer Sutherland is born

Kiefer Sutherland is a Canadian actor, producer, director, and singer-songwriter. He is known for his role as Jack Bauer in the Fox drama series 24, for which he won an Emmy Award, a Golden Globe Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and two Satellite Awards. He is the son of actor Donald Sutherland and the father of actress Sarah Sutherland.


American tennis player Chris Evert is born

Christine Marie Evert is a retired American World No. 1 tennis player. She won 18 Grand Slam singles championships and three doubles titles. Overall, Evert won 157 singles championships and 32 doubles titles. Evert reached 34 Grand Slam singles finals, more than any other player in the history of professional tennis.

American actor and producer Samuel L. Jackson is born

Samuel Leroy Jackson is an American actor and film producer. He achieved prominence and critical acclaim in the early 1990s. Jackson has achieved critical and commercial acclaim, surpassing Frank Welker as the actor with the highest-grossing film total of all time in October 2011, and he has received numerous accolades and awards.

Carl Wilson from The Beach Boys is born

Carl Dean Wilson was born in Hawthorne, California, the youngest son of Audree Neva and Murry Gage Wilson. From his pre-teens, he practiced harmony vocals under the guidance of his brother Brian, who often sang in the family music room with his mother and brothers.

American author F. Scott Fitzgerald dies at 44

F. Scott Fitzgerald is now regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century. He finished four novels: This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and Damned, The Great Gatsby, and Tender Is the Night. He died of a heart attack.

American singer-songwriter Frank Zappa is born

Frank Vincent Zappa was an American musician, composer, activist, and filmmaker. His work was characterized by nonconformity, free-form improvisation, sound experiments, musical virtuosity, and satire of American culture. Zappa was born in Baltimore, Maryland.

"Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" has its world premiere

Snow White premiered at the Carthay Circle Theatre, followed by a nationwide release on February 4, 1938. It was a critical and commercial success, and with international earnings of $8 million during its initial release briefly assumed the record of the highest-grossing sound film at the time.

New element is discovered

Marie and Pierre Curie discovered radium. They extracted it from the Uraninite from Jáchymov in what is today the Czech Republic. Later Marie and Pierre Curie and André-Louis Debierne isolated the element in its metallic state using electrolysis. Radium has 33 isotopes. All are highly radioactive.


The first game of basketball

The first ever game was played in the YMCA gymnasium in Albany, New York with 9 players. The game ended at 1–0; the shot was made from 25 feet, on a court just half the size of a present-day Streetball or National Basketball Association court.

The foundation of oceanography

British research vessel HMS Challenger sailed from Portsmouth for her famous expedition. The former warship was equipped by laboratories instead of cannons. She traveled nearly 70,000 nautical miles. She returned four years later. The reports from the voyage were published for 18 years in 50 volumes.

Phileas Fogg completes his round the world trip in 80 days

Phileas Fogg is the main protagonist in the Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days. Fogg made a wager of £20,000 with members of London's Reform Club that he can circumnavigate the world in 80 days or less. During his journey, he saved a princess Aouda and later they got married.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous