Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

UNSC votes for additional sanctions on North Korea

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2397 is a resolution adopted unanimously in response to North Korea's launch of a Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile on 28 November of that year. The resolution condemned the launch and further tightened sanctions on the country, restricting fuel imports and other trade, as well as the ability of North Korean citizens to work abroad.

Italy approves €20bn plan to prop up its troubled banks

Italian parliament approved the €20bn plan to help the country's weaker banks. The plan started with a bailout for the 3rd largest bank, Monte dei Paschi di Siena, which failed to raise €5bn from private investors. Founded in 1472, Monte dei Paschi is likely the oldest surviving bank in the world.

Single Spanish town wins €2bn Christmas lottery

The number 66513 appeared on 1,650 tickets in the Spanish national lottery known as El Gordo. Each ticket holder won 400,000 euros. Spain originally established its lottery as a charity in 1763, during the reign of King Carlos III.

Bruno Mars is at #1 on the US singles chart

Locked Out of Heaven is a song by American singer and songwriter Bruno Mars from his second studio album, Unorthodox Jukebox. It was released as the lead single from the album. The single charted inside the top ten in over 20 countries, including the US, where it became Mars' 4th number one single on the Billboard Hot 100, holding the spot for 6 consecutive weeks.

Repeal of the "Don't Ask Don't Tell policy" is signed into law

U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates released a statement following the vote indicating that the planning for implementation of a policy repeal would begin right away, led by Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness Clifford L. Stanley, and would continue until Gates certified that conditions were met for orderly repeal of the policy. President Barack Obama signed the bill into law in December.


Bendtner scores fastest goal by a substitute in English football

Nicklas Bendtner is a Danish professional footballer who plays as a forward for Eliteserien club Rosenborg and the Denmark national team. His preferred position is center-forward, but he has also played on the right side of attack, and occasionally on the left. A large, tall, and physically strong player, he is known for his ability in the air and possesses a powerful header.

Kingdom Hearts II is released

Within a week of its Japanese release, Kingdom Hearts II shipped 1 million copies, selling almost 730,000 copies. The NPD Group reported that Kingdom Hearts II was the highest-selling console game in North America with 614,000 copies. The game was also on IGN's "Top 10 Sellers in 2006".

Nickelback are at #1 on the US singles chart

How You Remind Me was named the #1 most played song on US radio of the 2000s decade by Nielsen Soundscan, being spun over 1.2 million times on U.S. airwaves. The song was named fourth on the Billboard Hot 100 Songs of the Decade and 75th in the UK decade-end chart. It was nominated for the Kerrang! Award for Best Single.

Madonna marries Guy Ritchie at Skibo Castle, Scotland

Madonna gave birth to their son Rocco John Ritchie on August 11, 2000, in Los Angeles. Rocco and Madonna suffered complications from the birth due to her experiencing placenta praevia. He was christened at Dornoch Cathedral in Dornoch, Scotland. Madonna married Ritchie the following day at nearby Skibo Castle.

MTV drops video "Smack My Bitch Up"

Director Jonas Åkerlund's video for "Smack My Bitch Up" depicts a night out in London, filmed from a 1st person perspective, graphically portraying drinking and driving, snorting cocaine, violence, vomiting, vandalism, nudity and sex. Despite the controversy, the video was nominated for 4 awards in the MTV Video Music Awards.

American singer Meghan Trainor is born

Meghan Elizabeth Trainor is an American singer and songwriter. Trainor's work has been recognized with several awards and nominations, including a Grammy Award, Music Business Association's Breakthrough Artist of the Year accolade and two Billboard Music Awards.


Brazilian surfer Gabriel Medina is born

A Brazilian surfer Gabriel Medina is the 2014 WSL World Champion. He is the 2nd person to have executed a maneuver called the backflip and the 1st person ever to perform this move in a competition. He began surfing at age 9 and at 11 he won his 1st national championship.

Irish French writer Samuel Beckett dies at 83

In 1969, Samuel Becket was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. For most of his adult life, he lived in Paris and wrote in both English and French. He died only 5 months later than his wife Suzanne, as he suffered from emphysema and possibly Parkinson's disease.

Madonna is at #1 on the US singles chart with "Like A Virgin"

Like a Virgin became Madonna's first of 12 #1 hits on the Billboard Hot 100, where it debuted at number 48. The song reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and remained there for 6 weeks. Like a Virgin was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipping a million copies across the United States.

Swedish DJ Basshunter is born

Jonas Erik Altberg is a Swedish singer, songwriter, record producer and DJ. He started singing in a choir run by his mother. He also sang in a rock band and began producing music under the stage name "Basshunter" in 2001, after six months of using Fruity Loops.

Rupert Holmes is at #1 on the US singles chart

Escape (The Piña Colada Song) is a song written and recorded by British-born American singer Rupert Holmes for his album Partners in Crime. As the lead single for the album, the pop song was recommended by Billboard for radio broadcasters and then added to prominent US radio playlists. Rising in popularity, the song peaked to become the last US number one song of the 1970s.

Elton John is at #1 on the UK album chart

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is the seventh studio album by Elton John. The album sold over 30 million copies worldwide and is regarded as John's best. The album reached #1 spot on the UK's chart.

French singer and actress Vanessa Paradis is born

Vanessa Paradis was born in Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, France, to interior designers Corinne and André Paradis. She began to develop her singing career at age seven when her uncle, record producer Didier Pain, helped her appear on the local television program L'École des fans, a talent show for child singers.

Little Jimmy Osmond is at #1 on the UK singles chart

Long Haired Lover from Liverpool is a pop song best known as a hit for Little Jimmy Osmond. Written by Christopher Kingsley and produced by Mike Curb and Perry Botkin Jr, "Long Haired Lover from Liverpool" was a UK number one single for Jimmy Osmond.


Lakers break pro sports winning streak record

The Los Angeles Lakers won 33 consecutive games without a loss, the longest undefeated streak in NBA history. This streak was challenged by the Miami Heat, who won 27 games in a row, before losing to the Chicago Bulls, and the Golden State Warriors with a 28-game win streak over 2 seasons before losing to the Milwaukee Bucks.

"The Graduate" is released in the US

The movie received positive reviews and grossed $104.9 million in the U.S. and Canada. With the figures adjusted for inflation, the movie's gross is $771 million, making it the 22nd highest-ever grossing movie in the U.S. and Canada. It won the Academy Award for Best Director and was nominated in 6 other categories.

"Doctor Zhivago" premieres in NYC

Doctor Zhivago is a British-Italian epic romantic drama movie directed by David Lean. It is set in Russia between the years prior to World War I and the Russian Civil War of 1917–1922, and is based on the 1957 Boris Pasternak novel of the same name. The movie premiered in New York City.

English actor Ralph Fiennes is born

Ralph Fiennes is an English actor, director, and producer. A noted Shakespeare interpreter, he first achieved success onstage at the Royal National Theatre. Fiennes was born in Ipswich. He is the eldest child of Mark Fiennes, a farmer and photographer, and Jennifer Lash, a writer. He has English, Irish, and Scottish ancestry.

The Tornados are at #1 on the US singles chart with "Telstar"

Telstar is an instrumental written and produced by Joe Meek for the English band the Tornados. The track reached number 1 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and was also a number one hit in the UK Singles Chart. It was the second instrumental single to hit number 1.


Midfielder Bernd Schuster is born

Bernhard "Bernd" Schuster is a German former football player of the late 1970s through early 1990s who won club titles playing for the Spanish sides FC Barcelona and Real Madrid. After retiring as a player he managed a number of European clubs, including Real Madrid, taking them to the league title in the 2007–08 season. He is currently in charge of Chinese side Dalian Yifang.

Robin & Maurice Gibb from the Bee Gees are born

Robin and Maurice Gibb were born in Jane Crookall Maternity Home in Douglas, Isle of Man, to Hugh and Barbara Gibb. Robin was the fraternal twin of Maurice Gibb and was the older of the two by 35 minutes. They had one sister, Lesley Evans, and two brothers, Barry and Andy. The Bee Gees' debut television appearance was in 1960.

English children's writer Beatrix Potter dies at 77

In her thirties, Beatrix Potter published the highly successful children's book, The Tale of Peter Rabbit. She then began writing and illustrating children's books full-time. She died of pneumonia and heart disease at her home in Near Sawrey, leaving almost all her property to the National Trust.

Survivor from the Cretaceous

South African Fishing trawler Nerine returned to port with a very strange fish on the board. The specimen was identified as the coelacanth. It is a clade of vertebrates closely related to tetrapods. They were considered to be extinct for around 70 million years. The fish was later named Latimeria chalumnae, or West Indian Ocean coelacanth.

Lincoln Tunnel is opened

The Lincoln Tunnel is an approximately 1.5-mile-long tunnel under the Hudson River, connecting Weehawken, New Jersey on the west bank with Midtown Manhattan in New York City on the east bank. It was designed by Ole Singstad and named after Abraham Lincoln.

"Flying Down to Rio" premieres in NYC

Flying Down to Rio was most memorable for the title number, with airplane wing-dancing/walking, skimpily-attired chorus girls atop biplane wings. The movie was also notable in that the movie's sexy star, Dolores Del Rio, was the first major star to wear a two-piece women's bathing suit ever seen onscreen. The movie premiered in New York City.

The first Mummy horror movie is released

The Mummy is an American pre-Code horror movie directed by Karl Freund. The screenplay by John L. Balderston was from a story by Nina Wilcox Putnam and Richard Schayer. Released by Universal Studios, the movie stars Boris Karloff, Zita Johann, David Manners, Edward Van Sloan and Arthur Byron.

The First Lady of the United States Lady Bird Johnson is born

Claudia Johnson was an American socialite and the First Lady of the United States as the wife of the 36th President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson. She also served as the Second Lady of the United States from 1961 until President John F. Kennedy's assassination in 1963.

Debussy's "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune" premieres in Paris

Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune is a symphonic poem for orchestra by Claude Debussy. It premiered in Paris conducted by Gustave Doret. The work later provided the basis for the ballet Afternoon of a Faun choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky and a later version by Jerome Robbins.

Pure mathematical genius is born

Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan lacked formal mathematical training. He learned most of the higher mathematics from the library book. It contained almost 5000 mathematical theorems without proofs. Ramanujan proved them himself. He solved many mathematical problems considered unsolvable. Unfortunately, he died in 32.

Christmas lights

Edward H. Johnson, an associate of Thomas Edison, decorated the Christmas tree with a chain of electric lights for the first time in history. The tree in question stood at his home on Fifth Avenue in New York City. It is, however, that the inventor of the light bulb, Joseph Swan, also developed a Christmas lights. He called them “fairy lights.”

Napoleon's engineer dies

Jean-Victor Poncelet was a French engineer and mathematician. His main area of interest was projective geometry, an area historically inspired by Renaissance art. He served as a military engineer in Napoleon's campaign against the Russian Empire in 1812. He was captured and held prisoner for two years.

Italian opera composer Giacomo Puccini is born

Giacomo Puccini's early work was rooted in traditional late-19th-century romantic Italian opera. His most known works are La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly. He has been called the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi.

Beethoven conducts and performs in concert in Vienna

The Beethoven concert was a benefit concert held for Ludwig van Beethoven at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna that featured the public premieres of Beethoven's Fifth and Sixth Symphonies, the Fourth Piano Concerto and the Choral Fantasy. This concert occurred in a very cold hall and was approximately four hours in duration.

Anniversaries of famous